A Tale: Gilman Sawtell, Yellowstone’s First Commericial Guide

On Friday afternoon, while I was doing my usual shift as a volunteer at the Pioneer Museum of Bozeman, I saw that the new edition of the Pioneer Museum Quarterly was out.  Of course, I immediately went through it to look at my article on Gillman Sawtell.  It’s a companion piece to the one I published last summer on Fred Bottler.

Sawtell's buildings at Henry's Lake.

Sawtell and Bottler were pioneer ranchmen who in the 1860s staked out claims on the edges of what was to become Yellowstone Park—Bottler in the Paradise Valley north of the park, Sawtell at Henry’s Lake to the west.  Their ranches became stopping points for early Yellowstone explorers and tourists and both were park guides.  Here’s a excerpt from the Quarterly article on Sawtell.


Sawtell staked his claim on the northwest edge of Henrys Lake and launched a group of enterprises that included ranching, commercial hunting and guiding tourists.

Sawtell’s main business was harvesting and selling fish, as many as 40,000 of them a year. He reportedly caught as many as 160 trout an hour, averaging two and a half pounds each, with a hook and line. In winter when the lake froze over, springs kept open a small area near Sawtell’s compound. Fish swarmed the open water and Sawtell harvested them with a spear.

Sawtell sawed blocks of ice from the lake in winter and stored them packed in sawdust in a sturdy thick-walled icehouse he built of logs. He stored his catch in the icehouse until he had enough to fill his wagon. As late as 1896, Sawtell was hauling fish to Monida where they were loaded into railroad cars for sale in Butte and Ogden, Utah.

While launching his enterprises, Sawtell built a veritable village. He had six sturdy log buildings: a residence, a blacksmith shop, a stable, a storage shed for hides and game, and his icehouse. He apparently had guests in mind when he built the compound. His whitewashed house was big enough to accommodate 20 people and had numerous bedsteads, stools, and tables. He kept enough stoneware to serve that many.

Sawtell kept tamed antelope and elk at his ranch. In 1871, he used a rowboat to run down several baby swans. He raised the signets until they were big enough to travel (about the size of domestic geese) and shipped them to New York City for Central Park.

In 1871, Sawtell guided a group of men from Virginia City and Deer Lodge on a tour that covered the geyser basins, Yellowstone Lake, and the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone. Because of this trip, Sawtell is credited with being the first commercial Yellowstone guide.


—Excerpt from M. Mark Miller, “Gilman Sawtell: Yellowstone Pioneer at Henry’s Lake,” Pioneer Museum Quarterly, Winter 2012, pp. 13-15.

—  You can read the rest of my article about Gilman Sawtell by buying a copy of the Quarterly at the Pioneer Museum of Bozeman.  Better stil, join the Gallatin Historical Society and get a free subscription.

— You might also enjoy my story about Fred Bottler, who settled in the Paradise Valley north of Yellowstone Park in 1867.

— Detail from an 1872 William Henry Jackson photo.

8 thoughts on “A Tale: Gilman Sawtell, Yellowstone’s First Commericial Guide

  1. I just finished reading your full story in the Pioneer Museum Quarterly and what I want to know is what happened to Emma Carpenter Cowan after she and her siblings were captured by the Nez Perce? How could you leave that part out?!

  2. You’re right Christy; I should told a little more about Emma Cowan’s adventure. I’m working on a book titled “Encounters in Yellowstone” that will tell Emma’s story in detail, but that won’t be out for some time. Meanwhile, you can read this excerpt from her memoir on my blog at:


    There’s a longer excerpt in my book “Adventures in Yellowstone.”

    In summary, Emma and her sister were released, unharmed, two days after their capture. Emma’s husband, George, survived three gunshot wounds, and the couple was reunited a month after the shooting.

  3. Interesting article – we are possibly related to Gilman Sawtell – do you know where he originally came from? My husband’s family homesteaded and his great-grandfather picked Michigan but he had other brothers that “moved West”. Anything would be of help – thanks.

  4. Pingback: A Tale: A Cattle Baron’s Trip to Yellowstone — 1883 « M. Mark Miller

  5. Pingback: A Tale: Early Travelers Confuse Geysers Basins — Rossiter Raymond, 1871 | M. Mark Miller

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